Immunohistochemical staining of human adrenal gland with DPEP1 polyclonal antibody (Cat # PAB26063). Immunohistochemistry of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue after heat-induced antigen retrieval.
DPEP1 (EC 220.127.116.11) is a kidney membrane enzyme that hydrolyzes a variety of dipeptides and is implicated in renal metabolism of glutathione and its conjugates, e.g., leukotriene D4 (Kozak and Tate, 1982 [PubMed 6122685]). DPEP1 is responsible for hydrolysis of the beta-lactam ring of antibiotics, such as penem and carbapenem (Campbell et al., 1984 [PubMed 6334084]). Earlier, beta-lactamase enzymes were thought to occur only in bacteria, where their probable function was in protecting the organisms against the action of beta-lactam antibiotics. These antibiotics exhibit selective toxicity against bacteria but virtual inertness against many eukaryotic cells (Adachi et al., 1990 [PubMed 2303490]).[supplied by OMIM