Genetic determinants of ulcerative colitis include the ECM1 locus and five loci implicated in Crohn's disease. Fisher SA, Tremelling M, Anderson CA, Gwilliam R, Bumpstead S, Prescott NJ, Nimmo ER, Massey D, Berzuini C, Johnson C, Barrett JC, Cummings FR, Drummond H, Lees CW, Onnie CM, Hanson CE, Blaszczyk K, Inouye M, Ewels P, Ravindrarajah R, Keniry A, Hunt S, Carter M, Watkins N, Ouwehand W, Lewis CM, Cardon L, Lobo A, Forbes A, Sanderson J, Jewell DP, Mansfield JC, Deloukas P, Mathew CG, Parkes M, Satsangi J.Nat Genet. 2008 Jun;40(6):710-2. Epub 2008 Apr 27.
Members of the p47 immunity-related GTPase (IRG) family, including IRGM, play an important role in the murine immune system; however, in humans this resistance system is greatly reduced. There is evidence that human IRGM plays a role in autophagy and control of intracellular mycobacteria (Bekpen et al., 2005; Singh et al., 2006 [PubMed 16888103]).[supplied by OMIM