Proximity Ligation Analysis of protein-protein interactions between CASP3 and CDKN1A. HeLa cells were stained with anti-CASP3 rabbit purified polyclonal 1:1200 and anti-CDKN1A mouse monoclonal antibody 1:50. Each red dot represents the detection of protein-protein interaction complex, and nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (blue).
This gene encodes a potent cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. The encoded protein binds to and inhibits the activity of cyclin-CDK2 or -CDK4 complexes, and thus functions as a regulator of cell cycle progression at G1. The expression of this gene is tightly controlled by the tumor suppressor protein p53, through which this protein mediates the p53-dependent cell cycle G1 phase arrest in response to a variety of stress stimuli. This protein can interact with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a DNA polymerase accessory factor, and plays a regulatory role in S phase DNA replication and DNA damage repair. This protein was reported to be specifically cleaved by CASP3-like caspases, which thus leads to a dramatic activation of CDK2, and may be instrumental in the execution of apoptosis following caspase activation. Two alternatively spliced variants, which encode an identical protein, have been reported. [provided by RefSeq
CDK-interaction protein 1,DNA synthesis inhibitor,OTTHUMP00000016298,cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A,melanoma differentiation associated protein 6,wild-type p53-activated fragment 1